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Pelvic Organ Prolapse

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Pelvic Organ Prolapse
The vagina and pelvic floor muscles support all pelvic organs including the bladder, uterus and rectum. In pelvic organ prolapse (also commonly called cystoceles or fallen bladder), the pelvic floor support structures are weakened and this can lead to any of these organs falling from their normal position into and sometimes through the vagina.  Women with pelvic organ prolapse often experience a vaginal bulge, pelvic or vaginal pressure, sexual dysfunction, urinary leakage, and in more severe cases, women can difficulty urinating or having a bowel movement.  In general, there are three types of pelvic organ prolapse:

  • Uterine Prolapse
  • Bladder Prolapse or Cystocele
  • Rectal Prolapse or Rectocele

The diagnosis of pelvic organ prolapse begins with your description of the symptoms you are experiencing.  Your provider will then do a pelvic examination and may also order additional tests to evaluate bladder function, pelvic floor muscle strength and imaging such as ultrasound or pelvic MRI. Several risk factors have been identified as risk factors for pelvic organ prolapse, these include: heavy lifting, obesity, childbearing and menopause.

If you think you have any type of pelvic organ prolapsed (uterine prolapsed, bladder prolapse (fallen bladder) or cystocele, rectal prolapsed or rectocele), contact our practice at 407.303.2780 to schedule an appointment.